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Hydrocelectomy is a surgical procedure to treat a hydrocele and prevent its recurrence. The procedure is performed under general anesthesia. In infants, a small incision is made in the groin (area where the upper thigh meets the trunk), and in adults, the incision is made on the scrotum. The fluid is drained after removing part of the sac. The incision is closed with dissolvable stitches.

Sometimes, a laparoscope is used for this procedure. A laparoscope is a tube-like instrument having a tiny camera at the end of the tube. A camera is attached to the monitor to display larger images of the procedure. Small surgical instruments are inserted through the other incisions and repair or removal is done.

Risks associated with surgery include bleeding, infection, and injury to the scrotal tissues while performing the surgery.

Patients should avoid eating and drinking for at least 6 to 8 hours before the surgery. Medicines such as aspirin, ibuprofen (Motrin, Advil), naproxen (Naprosyn), and herbal supplements should be stopped before the surgery.